Kenexis Effigy™ Fire and Gas Mapping Software is a state-of-the-art fire and gas mapping tool that utilizes consequence-based models to calculate coverage.
Fire and gas system design has historically been a challenge. The design of systems was based on inconsistent rules of thumb that resulted in widely varying requirements. In an effort to standardize the process for the design of fire and gas systems, industry experts, including the pioneers at Kenexis, developed the ISA 84.00.07 Technical Report. This built on the performance-based quantitative approaches of the ISA 84 / IEC 61511 process safety standards. The technical report clarified performance-based methods for the placement of fire and gas detectors.
Since the release of the technical report, process safety management-focused companies have incorporated the concept of achieving quantitative coverage targets (performance-based) into their fire and gas design processes. With the advent of fire and gas mapping software, such as Kenexis Effigy™, to analyze for coverage targets using sophisticated computerized tools, process safety has taken another significant step forward.
As part of the original team of experts that developed the techniques described in the ISA 84.00.07 Technical Report, Kenexis was charged with developing the software that would perform calculations based on the metrics that the technical report defined. Through several years of research and extensive validation, Kenexis developed an unparalleled software solution that performs coverage calculations with a degree of sophistication and accuracy unrivalled by any other software or method.
Fire and Gas Coverage Calculation
At the heart of the Effigy fire and gas mapping software is an algorithm for the calculation of the coverage, both geographic and scenario-based, that considers the specific application, equipment, and instrumentation used in the facility under study. Consider the following features of the calculation engine:
Analyzes fully in three dimensions, including, detector cone-of-vision manipulation, obstruction location, and obstruction shadow orientation
Calculates results for any user-selected elevation of interest – multiple elevations if required
Accurately and specifically models any brand of detector, and separately assesses all documented sensitivity settings of those detectors
Includes a database of most common fire and gas detection equipment and associated performance metrics
Accurately models cone-of-vision projections as detectors are moved away from the elevation of interest and rotated away from parallel
Accurately model different materials of interest for each detector as required (e.g., methane, hexane, methanol)
Analyzes modelling of multiple obstruction geometries, including cubes (cuboid), sphere, cylinders, cylindrical vessels (horizontal and vertical), in all rotations and orientations
Presents tabular results of areas where 1) no detectors are sighted, 2) one detector is sighted, and 3) two or more detectors are sighted
Presents colour-coded graphical coverage maps indicating extent of the various coverage areas
Limits graphic and tabulated results to the areas of interest as defined in grading maps, in addition to the results of the overall zone
Presents multiple and independent results for each of the multiple graded areas of each zone
In addition to the more common geographic coverage, Effigy Fire and Gas Mapping Software also presents scenario coverage maps. These maps provide a geographic risk profile the combines all of the thousands of scenarios that are possible in a zone, and also provides a mitigated risk profile that only maps the scenarios that are not detected by the fire and gas detector array — along with a tabulated calculation of the fraction of the scenarios that are detected. The results of scenario analysis are plotted as colour-coded isopleths of constant release frequency
Kenexis is an independent engineering consulting firm headquartered in Columbus, Ohio, with offices in Houston, Singapore, and Dubai. Kenexis was established in 2004 and is a privately held. Kenexis clients span the globe in many industries. Kenexis has performed engineering services for over 500 different major process industry customers in locations spanning over 20 countries.
Kenexis is an independent consulting engineering firm that provides technical safety services for process industries, and other industries that manage risks related to chemicals or stored energy.